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Vision Therapy

Having perfect 6/6 eyesight is not enough.

Prior to your child entry into preschool/primary school, it is crucial to ensure the readiness of certain visual motor skills. Weakness in any of the following visual motor skills can pose a hindrance to unlocking their full learning potential, resulting in  behaviour such as carelessness , poor attention or lowered motivation during learning.  

A learner needs to see clearly at far (eg. board), intermediate  (eg. Laptop/PC) and near distances (e.g. reading a book). When a child has blurred vision due to myopia or astigmatism, it will be difficult to see what the teacher is writing from afar. Standard eyesight test only tests for clear distance vision. However, children with significant hyperopia may still see far clearly but have uncomfortable or blurred vision at near.

Eye tracking is the  learners’ ability to keep their eyes on the intended target as they  look from one object (or symbol) to another by attempting to coordinate and move both eyes together on moving a object (e.g. a thrown ball) or across a printed page.

Unlike handwriting, it is harder to tell if a learner has poor eye movement skills. Common symptoms include skipping words/lines during reading and copying.

eye tracking 2 1

Eye teaming is the ability to coordinate both eyes together on a precise point/object such as a word during reading. This skill allows the visual system to judge distances and depth. A weakness in this ability usually causes eyestrain and double vision (for more severe cases).

Convergence Insufficiency 1 1

Eye focusing is a visual motor skill that allows rapid and accurate shifts with instantaneous clarity from one distance to another (e.g. from desk to board). This flexible change in optical power is caused by the change in the form of the elastic lens – which is facilitated by the ciliary muscles. It also allows a person to maintain clear focus at the normal reading distance. Eye focusing difficulties may manifest as various symptoms (e.g. blurred vision during reading but clear vision while looking into the distance after reading | fatigue or headaches during reading).


Learning-related Assessment

Children may be able to see clearly and still exhibit visual skills deficits that affect attention and learning. These problems cannot be addressed by a standard eyesight test. 

The learning-related assessment offer comprehensive checks to determine the efficiency of the eye movements and its effects on the child’s learning ability. The assessment report can be submitted to psychologists to support the application for certain exam accommodations.

The learning-related assessment addresses the following areas of concern:

  • Functional Binocular Vision (the efficiency of the eye movement system)                              learning related visual assessment
  • Hypersensitive reactions to lights or patterns   

More about hypersensitive reactions to light or patterns

Some students have an adverse reaction to certain types of lights (usually fluorescent light or glares) or complex patterns. They may feel dizzy or experience headaches/nausea.  Other students may experience visual stress or pattern glare symptoms.

Learning-related Assessment – Eye tracking test

The learning-related assessment includes  a computerised measure of eye tracking (eye position and movement) during reading to demonstrate how well – or poorly – the eyes are working together during reading of vertical and horizontal lines.

Poor eye tracking surfaces as excessive movements – more effort in eye coordination – to achieve the same result. Such inefficient reading reduces reading stamina and increases inaccuracies.

eye tracking 3     

Visual evaluation for special needs

Individuals with autism and intellectual disability may experience very poor vision, which may further manifest into behavioural symptoms (e.g. anxiety in an enclosed space, fear of walking on uneven ground).

However, it may be difficult to evaluate their vision in a typical setting due to the lack of accurate verbal feedback from these individuals or the lack of time/resources to manage their sensorial sensitivities. 

This visual evaluation is helpful in testing individuals who have difficulties with providing verbal feedback. For instance, photorefraction can be performed to check the eyes within a few seconds without the need to approach closer or shine direct light towards the clients’ eyes.

visual evaluation for special needs


Vision therapy is effective in helping children with binocular vision dysfunctions such as convergence insufficiency or eye tracking disorders.

Learning-related Vision Therapy

Vision Therapy is carried out by using different equipment, software and techniques to improve the clients’ visual skills for attention and learning.

The therapy aims to improve the following skills:

  • Visual fixation
  • Eye tracking
  • Eye teaming
  • Eye focusing
  • Visual Perception
  • Vision in balance
  • Eye-hand coordination
  • Neuromotor
  • Balance (Vestibular), body awareness (Proprioception) & motor coordination

learning related VT

Do you know?

Boston Children’s Hospital – ranked one of the best pediatric hospitals in America – offers an established Vision Therapy service. 

Do you know?

A person’s vision, balance and muscle coordination system are interdependent via the autonomic nervous system of the body.

The immature balance and muscle coordination systems of some cases interfere with the progress of vision therapy.

Balance, body awarenessand motor coordination training are incorporated in vision therapy. Vision therapy typically complements occupational therapy, physiotherapy or any form of biomechanics rehabilitation.

Find out more about vision therapy by clicking here.


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All Locations

All Locations


Midpoint Orchard

Midpoint Orchard, 220 Orchard Road, #03-05, S238852


Midpoint Orchard

Midpoint Orchard, 220 Orchard Road, #03-05, S238852